Cannabis terpenes are the aromatic oils that give cannabis strains their distinct scents. Terpenes help our bodies better absorb and utilize the therapeutic effects of cannabinoids. Terpenes may also modify or alter the effects of cannabinoids such as THC.
Terpenes have a role to play as as cannabinoids
Cannabis terpenes and cannabinoids work together to give us the full effects of the cannabis strains. Terpenes typically are extracted from plant matter such as the rinds of citrus or pine needles. Although essential oils may be utilized for aromatherapy, they are rare. Terpenes may also come from animals , or even from insects.
They are typically extracted from the plant substance. There are over 200 terpenes in cannabis plants that produce distinct tastes and odors. The scents of lavender and lemon are due to terpenes. Terpenes are plants’ natural defense mechanism, and have been used for ages as food additives that enhance the flavor of many foods.
The flavor and aroma of cannabis terpenes may not be only essential, but they also have medicinal properties. According to some experts, Terpenes, that are responsible for several of the distinct characteristics of one particular strain are known to have positive effects on everything from migraines and stress to inflammation and mood swings.
Much like cannabinoids and terpenes, they bind to receptors throughout our brains and bodies that control mood and memory, sleep patterns, hunger, and more. When they are combined with cannabinoids terpenes are able to enhance the benefits of cannabis while reducing some adverse effects.
These chemical compounds are working together to enhance your medicinal marijuana experience and deliver stronger, longer-lasting relief. Different combinations of cannabis can affect patients differently. A cannabis strain that is rich in CBD may not produce any psychoactive effects, however it’s difficult to know the impact of specific terpenes the individual.
The most common cannabis terpenes and their benefits
1. Alpha-pinene: This is the principal terpene found in pine needles as well as sage. It offers a distinct fresh evergreen smell. It’s also found in rosemary, dill, parsley and basil. In most cannabis strains, alpha-pinene can be found in extremely small amounts, however it’s been observed that strains that have higher levels of alphapinene have been associated with better memory and concentration.
2. Beta-myrcene: This terpene contributes to the aromas of hops and thyme. It also has the potential to be an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also found in lemongrass, mangoes, and Thyme. The sedative effects of Myrcene can be beneficial in cases of restless legs syndrome or insomnia.
3. Limonene Lemongrass, peppermint, rosemary, and cannabis all have large amounts of the chemical limonene. It gives off a distinctive lemony scent, which has antidepressant as well as anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: This terpene can be present in lavender, mint coriander and birch trees as well as rosewood. It may be effective in treating depression and anxiety and may produce a relaxing effect. People have reported feeling calm when using cannabis strains that have large amounts of Linalool.
5. Caryophyllene is the only terpene to bind to receptors for cannabinoid. This is what gives clove its distinct scent. Caryophyllene, in addition to providing a spicy flavour to a cannabis strain is also believed to be an anti-inflammatory. It may also aid in the treatment of anxiety.
To learn more, click cooking with terpenes